Anarchism devoted Art as a critique tool of existing society and hierarchies and serve as a prefigurative tool to reflect the anarchist ideal society. As it appeals to both emotion and reason, art could appeal to the whole human and have a powerful effect.
Anarchism And The Replacement of The State
During the latter half of the 19th, the anarchist movement flourished in most parts of the world and had a significant role in workers' struggles for emancipation.
The term anarchism is derived from the Ancient Greek word anarkhia, meaning "without a ruler", composed of the prefix an- ("without") and the word arkhos ("ruler"). Anarchism is a political philosophy and movement that seeks to abolish institutions typically including governments, nation-states, and capitalism.
Many revolutionaries of the 19th century would contribute to the anarchist doctrines of the next generation but did not use the term anarchism in describing themselves or their beliefs. The first political philosopher to call himself an anarchist was Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (1809–1865), marking the formal birth of anarchism in the mid-19th century.
Anarchism advocates for the replacement of the state with free stateless societies. Anarchism's violent revolutionary tactics aim to bring down authority and state, whilst Anarchism also utilizes evolutionary tactics aim to prefigure what an anarchist society would be like.
Anarchism is usually placed on the farthest left of the political spectrum; it is usually described as the libertarian wing of the socialist movement.
Anarchism urged that humans lived in societies without formal hierarchies long before the establishment of formal states. Although traces of anarchist thought are found throughout history, modern anarchism emerged from the Enlightenment.
In the last decades of the 20th and into the 21st century, the anarchist movement has resurgent once more, growing in popularity and influence within anti-capitalist, anti-war, and anti-globalization movements.
Anarchism is the will for a non-coercive society and the rejection of the state apparatus. Anarchists consider the state a tool of domination and believe it to be illegitimate regardless of political tendencies.
Anarchist society would lead to sexuality naturally developing. A historical current that arose between 1890 and 1920 within anarchism was "free love". Anarchism carries the tendency to support polyamory, relationship anarchy, and queer anarchism. Anarchists advocated for or used art as a means to achieve anarchist ends.
Art And Anarchism
Art could depict a critique of existing society and hierarchies and serve as a prefigurative tool to reflect the anarchist ideal society. As it appeals to both emotion and reason, art could appeal to the whole human and have a powerful effect.
The 19th-century neo-impressionist movement offered an example of an artistic perception of the road toward anarchism. For example, In "Les chataigniers a Osny" by anarchist painter Camille Pissarro, the blending of aesthetic and social harmony is prefiguring an ideal anarchistic community.