How to prepare a professional painting canvas

Updated: Nov 25

The first thing to consider is the fabric, the type of thread the canvas would be made of, there are three main types of fabrics to choose from:

Linen, cotton, synthetic fabrics, now what is the best choice?

The answer is linen fabrics, it comes first in terms of strength and not absorbing refined paint oils (a major side effect in cotton fabrics).


prepare a professional painting canvas
prepare a professional painting canvas

After choosing your canvas fabric prepare your scissors, Tape measure, T square ruler and pencil, draw your dimensions on the fabric with an angel to make sure it is right-angled, start cutting your fabric.

Now you need to stretch the canvas fabric on a wooden support, using a stabler stretch your piece of linen fabric on a wooden support with the chosen dimensions.

prepare a professional painting canvas
Canvas Fabric after Stretching

after stretching the fabric on the wooden support, the next step,

How to prepare the best Gesso for oil painting?




But what is Gesso?

Traditional gesso. "Gesso", also known "glue gesso" or "Italian gesso" is a traditional mix of an animal glue binder, chalk, and white pigment, used to coat rigid surfaces such as wooden painting panels as an absorbent primer coat substrate for painting. The color of gesso was usually white or off-white.


In modern recipes the use of synthetic Glue Polyvinyl acetate instead of animal glue as a binder is common, the synthetic glue is more sustainable and resistant to decomposition.


What is Polyvinyl acetate?

polyvinyl acetate (PVAc), a synthetic resin. In its most important application, polyvinyl acetate serves as the film-forming ingredient in water-based (latex) paints; it also is used in adhesives.



Applying Gesso to linen fabric
Applying Gesso to linen fabric

Spread the Gesso on the stretched fabric and allow it to dry, after the canvas is completely dry sanding is required before the application of another layer of Gesso.

After two or three layers of Gesso, start sanding for the final surface finish, the linen canvas is now ready to paint on.




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