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Visual Arts from the scratch

Everyone searches for something that inspires his soul. Something promotes creativity and energizes him. However, work-life takes your time and sometimes you lose your energy, you can find ways to recharge your soul.

Visual Arts are the best way to get inspired. visual arts impact your emotions, thoughts, and overall state of mind. Besides, visual arts use visual elements to communicate ideas and feelings.

Vaas met judaspenningen Van Gogh Museum
Vaas met judaspenningen Van Gogh Museum

What do visual arts mean?

A term refers to art forms that communicate their message, meaning, and emotions through visual elements such as drawings, paintings, sculpture, photography, videography, and architectural designs.

Before the 20th century, the term artist was restricted to those who work on painting, printmaking, and sculpture which is called fine arts.

After a time, the term has been expanded to include applied arts like decorative designs, fashion designs, and graphic designs.

Let’s dig deeper into the history of art classification!

New Profession of Artist

During Classical Antiquity, as well as the era of Byzantium, Carolingian, Ottonian, Romanesque and Gothic art, painters and sculptors were treated as mere artisans - paint appliers or carvers. Then, during the Renaissance, thanks to Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo who contributed to raising the artists to a higher level and highlighting the importance of the perceived values of art. Eventually, painters and sculptors had a unique position equal to architects. In contrast, fine artists have remained largely unchanged to this day, except that they have now been joined by visual artists involved in the installation, video art, conceptual works, assemblage, and the like. Some crafts are also included under the umbrella of visual art.

Academic Art

During the Renaissance, a network of Fine Art Academies was developed which was based on an educational system that announced a particular form of academic art. This contained all sorts of rules about how paintings and sculptures were to be created. Elements such as subject matter, form, message, composition, and were quite strictly regulated. In case of any deviations away from the rules meant exclusion from the prestigious annual art exhibitions organized by the academies.

And since participation in these art shows was often the only way an artist could gain a reputation, win commissions, and ultimately secure coveted membership of his national Academy, exclusion meant financial ruin.

Visual arts and crafts

The terms artist and crafter have been used interchangeably since The Renaissance, but the former is closer to the modern definition of an "artist" who produces art for aesthetic reasons. But, crafters work with a utilitarian purpose.

Modern forms

Visual arts expanded to include various forms such as collage (from Picasso & Braque synthetic Cubism c.1912); assemblage and "found objects" (like the "readymades" of Marcel Duchamp, 1887-1968); conceptual art (from Marcel Duchamp's works such as Fountain, 1917 Performance art and Happenings (from the Dada antics of Tristan Tzara (1896-1963) at the Cabaret Voltaire, Zurich, c.1916-20); photomontage (from works by Dadaists like Raoul Hausmann. photography and video art (from pioneering work by Man Ray (1890–1976) and others). New techniques have been introduced into fine arts like acrylic paint and printmaking using screen printing. All the changes which have been delivered illustrate the appreciation and attitude shift toward visual arts by the time.

Now we move to identify the characteristics of the Visual Arts

1) Line

The boundaries define the shape.

2) Shape

The forms are made from lines.

3) Size

small or large.

4) Color

5) Tone

lightness or darkness of the color.

6) Perspective

The illusion of distance.

7) Texture

Smooth, rough, flat, or bumpy.

8) Pattern

visual repetition, such as polka dots or stripes.

There are different types of visual arts and they vary depending on the purpose.

These are three main distinct types of visual arts:

  • Fine arts

  • Decorative

  • Commercial arts

Each category contains subcategories.

These types of visual forms are classified into three groups: abstract, representational, or non-objective.

Representational art

This type describes an identifiable subject. Sometimes representational arts are nonrealistic and don't have to demonstrate the subject. These types of art are the most broadly recognised, besides all classical and older arts belonging to the category of representational Arts.

Abstract art

Art type that generates ideas about the subject from reality and presents the subject in ways that are different from how you see the subject in your daily reality.

Non-objective art

Not related to reality. This art uses materials and principles of art and creates a visually appealing art form.

The 3 types of visual arts:

Fine art

The major distinction of fine art is that it is developed to be aesthetically beautiful and doesn't have any functional purpose.

Fine arts include painting, sculpture, and architecture. However, broader interpretations of the fine visual arts would expand to include drawing.

Architecture is the only form of fine visual art with a sense of utility or elements of practicality. However, not all everyday buildings will fall into the classification of fine architecture. A sense of beauty and creativity must still be at the forefront of the architect’s design.

Garden at Sainte-Adresse (1867). Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City by Claud Monet on public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
Garden at Sainte-Adresse (1867). Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City by Claud Monet on public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

Decorative art

Decorative arts are art forms used to enhance the aesthetic appeal of a space or object. The purpose of decorative art is to create aesthetically pleasing objects that serve a functional purpose. Decorative arts can include furniture, ceramics, glassware, textiles, jewelry, metalwork, and other objects that are both beautiful and useful.

  "The Pelican"
"The Pelican"

Commercial art

Is a creative service, which is created for commercial purposes, such as advertising, and is used to promote or advertise a product, service, or idea. It includes graphic design, illustration, photography, and other forms of visual communication. Commercial artists create artwork for advertisements, brochures, magazines, websites, and other media. They may also work on packaging design and corporate identity projects. Commercial art is often used to create an emotional connection between the viewer and the product or service being advertised.

Finally, Visual arts enable you to escape your daily routine life and enjoy aesthetically designed arts that refresh your soul and bless your time.

Would you like to know more about visual arts?

Continue reading our art blog.

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